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Programming language: Rust

## Cute

Macro for Python-esque list comprehensions in Rust.

The `c!` macro implements list and hashmap comprehensions similar to those found in Python, allowing for conditionals and nested comprehensions.

# Python Syntax

`````` squares = [x*x for x in range(10)]

even_squares = [x*x for x in range(10) if x % 2 == 0]

squares_dict = {key:key*key for key in range(10)}
``````

# c! Syntax

`````` let squares = c![x*x, for x in 0..10];

let even_squares = c![x*x, for x in 0..10, if x % 2 == 0];

let squares_hashmap = c!{key => key*key, for key in 0..10};

``````

Note `c!`'s has the comprehension's parts, comma-separated.

# Examples

Simpe comprehension

`````` #[macro_use(c)]
extern crate cute;

let v = [1,2,3,4];
let v_squared = c![x*x, for x in v];

``````

Conditional filtering

`````` let squares = c![x*x, for x in 0..10, if x % 2 == 0];
assert_eq!(squares, vec![0, 4, 16, 36, 64]);
``````

Nested Comprehensions

`````` let nested = vec![vec![1,2,3], vec![4,5,6], vec![7,8,9]];
let flat: Vec<usize> = c![x, for x in y, for y in nested];
assert_eq!(flat, vec![1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]);
``````
`````` let nested = vec![vec![1,2,3], vec![4,5,6], vec![7,8,9]];
let even_flat: Vec<usize> = c![x, for x in y, for y in nested, if x % 2 == 0];
assert_eq!(even_flat, vec![2, 4, 6, 8]);
``````

Comprehensions over Iterators

`````` let vec: Vec<i32> = vec![-4, -2, 0, 2, 4];
let output: Vec<i32> = c![x*2, for x in vec.iter()];
assert_eq!(output, vec![-8, -4, 0, 4, 8]);
``````
`````` let vec: Vec<i32> = vec![-4, -2, 0, 2, 4];
let output: Vec<i32> = c![x, for x in vec.iter(), if *x >= 0i32];
assert_eq!(output, vec![0, 2, 4]);
``````

Function Application

`````` let vec: Vec<i32> = vec![-4, -2, 0, 2, 4];
let output: Vec<i32> = c![x.abs(), for x in vec.iter()];
assert_eq!(output, vec![4, 2, 0, 2, 4]);
``````
`````` fn square(x:i32) -> i32 {
x*x
}

let vec: Vec<i32> = vec![-4, -2, 0, 2, 4];
let squares: Vec<i32> = c![square(x), for x in vec];
assert_eq!(squares, vec![16, 4, 0, 4, 16]);
``````

HashMap Comprehensions (Dictionary Comprehensions)

``````// simple hashmap comprehension

let squares_hashmap = c!{key => key*key, for key in 0..10};

``````
``````// hashmap comprehension from an Iterator
// NOTE: we have to perform dereferencing: *key

let map = c!{*key => key*key, for key in vec![1,2].iter()};

``````
``````// conditional hashmap comprehension

let v: Vec<(&str, i32)> = vec![("one", 1), ("two", 2), ("three", 3)];
let map = c!{key => val, for (key, val) in v, if val == 1 || val == 2};

let mut expected: HashMap<&str, i32> = HashMap::new();
expected.insert("one", 1);
expected.insert("two", 2);

assert_eq!(map, expected);
``````
``````// conditional hashmap comprehension from an Iterator
// NOTE: we perform deferencing when using values

let map = c!{*key => key*key, for key in vec![1,2].iter(), if *key % 2 == 0};
let mut e: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::new();
e.insert(2, 4);

assert_eq!(map, e);
``````

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the cute README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.